The main objective of the UN Climate Change Conference is to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions and thus to mitigate the threat of global warming and climate change. As current commitments on greenhouse commitments run out in 2020, the principal objective remains to achieve – for the first time in over 20 years of UN negotiations – a binding universal agreement on climate.
All participating governments were invited to submit their intended nationally determined contributions, containing emission reductions targets, well in advance of the Climate Conference in Paris. As early as March 2015, Norway submitted its 2030 climate target to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Norway’s intended contribution consists of a 40 per cent reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, compared to 1990 levels.
Under the Second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, Norway is committed to reducing global emissions of greenhouse gases equivalent to 30 per cent of Norwegian emissions by 2020, compare to 1990.
Earlier this year, Prime Minister Erna Solberg pointed out that Norway’s climate target for 2030 increases the level of ambition in Norwegian climate policies, and that the target is in line with the overall target to avoid an increase in global average temperature of more than two degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels.
In addition, Norway wishes to play a leading role in climate finance internationally. This is illustrated by its substantial support for climate-related measures in developing countries, with annual allocations of nearly NOK 6 billion.
COP21 constitutes the unique opportunity for states to meet and reach equitable goals on the climate. Taking action for the climate would constitute a triumph for international cooperation; further delay in taking measures can be costly.